Prone, sitting, kneeling and standing are the four main positions used in rifle shooting. In any particular situation, one of the positions will be the most suitable. When shooting from any of the four, the shooter must be steady, relaxed, and confident before firing. Always remember your breathing, aiming, squeezing, and follow through we discussed previously.
It is very important you practice shooting from all these positions because your "effective range" for a one-shot kill will change! It is your responsibility to know your limits with each position.
Standing or Off-hand
This position is very practical for hunting but offers the least amount of accuracy. This is the least stable position and requires excellent hunting skills. The use of a sling while shooting off-hand will improve a person's aim.
This position is less stable than sitting and prone position, because one arm and elbow are not supported. Consistent accuracy is more likely when prone or sitting.
Often the most practical and reliable shooting position while hunting, it is the second most stable position after the prone position, particularly when grass and shrubs make the prone position unsuitable.
The prone position offers the most body support and stability. It is the most accurate for long-distance shots. However, if the grass is long or if there are many small bushes, it could obstruct your shooting vision.
Using a rest
Rifle shooting accuracy is vastly improved by using a "rest." Look for a rest before deciding what shooting position to use. The shooter's forearm can be rested on a rock, a fence post, or against a tree. To obtain maximum accuracy, don't let the rifle barrel touch the rest.