1 - Bullet
A bullet is a small, metal object that is shot from a firearm. A bullet is the part of the ammunition that is fired through a rifle barrel.
2 - Case
The case is the container which holds all other ammunition components. It's usually made up of brass, steel, copper, paper or plastic.
3 - Powder
Powder is a chemical mixture that, when ignited, creates gasses that propel the bullet or shot through the barrel.
4 - Primer
The primer is an explosive compound that ignites the powder charge when struck by a firing pin.
Rifle Cartridge Types
Standard bullets are made of a lead core with a copper jacket. Some bullets do not have a jacket surrounding the lead. Bullets come in different shapes and sizes.
The shape and construction of a bullet may be designed to improve speed, accuracy, penetration and shocking power for game animals.
1 - Pointed Soft Point
High velocity - flattened trajectory - accurate - excellent mushrooming.
2 - Rounded Soft Point
Dependable; favorite for lower velocity calibers - recommended for tubular magazines.
3 - Protected Tip
Typically thick jacketed for control - excellent expansion - high accuracy -excellent mushrooming.
4 - Full Metal Jacket
Non-expanding - maximum penetration without mushrooming - ILLEGAL FOR BIG GAME HUNTING!
Handgun Cartridge Types
1 - Wadcutter
Cleanest hole in target.
2 - Semi-Wadcutter
Hard hitting, fairly clean target hole.
3 - Full Metal Jacket